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Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
The Queen Mother
Elizabeth Bowes Lyon
Queen consort of the United Kingdom
and the British Dominions
Empress consort of India 1936–1947
Reign 11 December 1936 –
6 February 1952
Coronation 12 May 1937
Born 4 August 1900(1900-08-04)
London, England
Died 30 March 2002 (aged 101)
Windsor, Berkshire
Burial 9 April 2002
St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
Spouse George VI (m. 1923; d. 1952)
Issue
Elizabeth II
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Full name
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon
Royal House Windsor (by marriage)
Father Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Mother Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck

Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon. She was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the Dominions from her husband's accession in 1936 until his death in 1952, after which she was known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, to avoid confusion with her daughter. She was the last Empress consort of India.

Born into a family of British nobility as The Honourable Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, she became Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon when her father inherited the Scottish Earldom of Strathmore and Kinghorne in 1904. She came to prominence in 1923 when she married Albert, Duke of York, the second son of King George V and Queen Mary. The couple and their daughters embodied traditional ideas of family and public service. She undertook a variety of public engagements and became known as the "Smiling Duchess" because of her consistent public expression.

See also

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