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Mary II
Mary II of England
Queen of England and Ireland
Reign 13 February 1689 –
28 December 1694
Coronation 11 April 1689
Predecessor James II & VII
Successor William III & II
Born 30 April 1662(1662-04-30)
(N.S.: 10 May 1662)
St James's Palace, London
Died 28 December 1694 (aged 32)


(N.S.: 7 January 1695)
Kensington Palace, London

Burial 5 March 1695
Westminster Abbey, London
Spouse William III & II (m. 1677)
Royal House Stuart
Father James II & VII
Mother Anne Hyde

Mary II (30 April 1662 – 28 December 1694) was joint monarch of England, Scotland, and Ireland with her husband and first cousin, William of Orange, from 1689 until her death. William and Mary, both Protestants, became king and queen regnant following the Glorious Revolution, which resulted in the adoption of the English Bill of Rights and the deposition of her Roman Catholic father, James II and VII. William became sole ruler upon her death in 1694. Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of "William and Mary".

Mary wielded less power than William when he was in England, ceding most of her authority to him, though he heavily relied on her. She did, however, act alone when William was engaged in military campaigns abroad, proving herself to be a powerful, firm, and effective ruler.

See also

British monarchs
Monarchs of England before 1603

Æthelstan · Edmund I · Eadred · Eadwig · Edgar the Peaceful · Edward the Martyr · Æthelred the Unready · Sweyn Forkbeard · Edmund Ironside · Cnut the Great · Harold Harefoot · Harthacnut · Edward the Confessor · Harold Godwinson · Edgar the Ætheling · William I · William II · Henry I · Stephen · Matilda · Henry II · Henry the Young King · Richard I · John · Henry III · Edward I · Edward II · Edward III · Richard II · Henry IV · Henry V · Henry VI · Edward IV · Edward V · Richard III · Henry VII · Henry VIII · Edward VI · Jane · Mary I and · Philip · Elizabeth I

Monarchs of Scotland before 1603

Kenneth I MacAlpin · Donald I · Constantine I · Áed · Giric · Eochaid · Donald II · Constantine II · Malcolm I · Indulf · Dub · Cuilén · Amlaíb · Kenneth II · Constantine III · Kenneth III · Malcolm II · Duncan I · Macbeth · Lulach · Malcolm III Canmore · Donald III · Duncan II · Donald III · Edgar · Alexander I · David I · Malcolm IV · William I · Alexander II · Alexander III · Margaret · First Interregnum · John · Second Interregnum · Robert I · David II · Edward · Robert II · Robert III · James I · James II · James III · James IV · James V · Mary I · James VI

Monarchs of England and Scotland after the Union of the Crowns in 1603

James I & VI · Charles I · Commonwealth · Charles II · James II & VII · William III & II · Mary II · Anne

British monarchs after the Acts of Union 1707

Anne · George I · George II · George III · George IV · William IV · Victoria · Edward VII · George V · Edward VIII · George VI · Elizabeth II

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