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House of Windsor
Badge of the House of Windsor
Country Antigua and Barbuda
Australia
The Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Canada
Grenada
Jamaica
New Zealand
Papua New Guinea
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Solomon Islands
Tuvalu
United Kingdom
Parent house WettinSaxe-Coburg and Gotha
Founded 17 July 1917
Founder George V
Current head Elizabeth II

The House of Windsor is the royal house of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The dynasty is of German paternal descent and was originally a branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, itself derived from the House of Wettin, which succeeded the House of Hanover as monarchs in the British Empire following the death of Queen Victoria, wife of Albert, Prince Consort. The houses of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Windsor have provided five British monarchs to date, including four kings and the present queen, Elizabeth II.

The name was changed from Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the English Windsor in 1917 because of anti-German sentiment in the British Empire during World War I. During the reign of the Windsors major changes took place in British society. The British Empire participated in the First and Second World Wars, ending up on the winning side both times, but subsequently lost its status as a superpower during decolonisation. Much of Ireland broke with the United Kingdom and the remnants of the Empire became the Commonwealth of Nations. The United Kingdom joined bodies such as the United Nations, European Union and NATO. Other major changes include the introduction of television media, the decline of Christianity and the transformation of the United Kingdom into a multiethnic society through post-colonial immigration.

List of monarchs

Name From Until Relationship with predecessor
King Edward VII 22 January 19016 May 1910Son of Albert, Prince Consort and Queen Victoria. First British king of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
King George V 6 May 191020 January 1936Son of Edward VII. Changed name to the House of Windsor.
King Edward VIII 20 January 193611 December 1936Son of George V; Abdicated
King George VI 11 December 19366 February 1952Son of George V and brother of Edward VIII
Queen Elizabeth II6 February 1952reigningDaughter of George VI

Family tree

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
George V
   
   
Mary of Teck
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Wallis Warfield
   
   
Edward VIII
   
   
George VI
   
   
Elizabeth
   
   
Mary
   
   
Prince Henry
   
   
Prince George
   
   
Prince John
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Prince Edward
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elizabeth II
   
   
Prince Philip
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Princess Margaret
   
   
   
   
Prince Richard
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Camilla
   
   
Charles
   
   
   
   
Ann
   
   
Andrew
   
   
   
   
Edward
   
   
   
   
   
   
Michael
   
   
   
   
Princess Alexandra
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Diana
   
   
   
   
   
   
Mark Phillips
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Duchess of York
   
   
Sophie Rhys-Jones
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Prince Harry
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Timothy Laurence
   
   
Princess Beatrice
   
   
Princess Eugenie
   
   
   
   
   
   
Lady Louise
   
   
   
   
James
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Prince William
   
   
Catherine
   
   
Peter Phillips
   
   
Autumn Kelly
   
   
Zara Phillips
   
   
Mike Tindall
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Prince George
   
   
Princess Charlotte
   
   
Savannah Phillips
   
   
Isla Phillips
   
   
   
   
   
   
Mia Tindall

External links

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