Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1707-1714)
Country Kingdom of Scotland
Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Ireland
Kingdom of France
Kingdom of Great Britain
Parent house Clan Stewart
Founded 1371
Dissolution 1807
Founder Robert II of Scotland
Final ruler Anne, Queen of Great Britain
Current head Extinct

The House of Stuart, originally Stewart and, in Gaelic, Stiubhard is a European royal house that originated in Scotland. The dynasty's patrilineal Breton ancestors had held the office of High Steward of Scotland since the 12th century, after arriving by way of Norman England. The royal Stewart line was founded by Robert II, and they were Kings and Queens of Scots from the late 14th century through the union with England in 1707. Mary I, Queen of Scots was brought up in France, where she adopted the French spelling of the name, Stuart. Her son, James VI of Scotland, inherited the thrones of England and Ireland upon the death of Elizabeth I in 1603. Except for the period of the Commonwealth, 1649-1660, the Stuarts were monarchs of England, Scotland and Ireland until 1707; then of Great Britain and Ireland, to the death of Queen Anne in 1714.

Family tree

James VI
Frederick V
Charles I
William II
Mary Stuart
Charles II
James II
William III
Mary II
George I

External links

British monarchs
Monarchs of England before 1603

Æthelstan · Edmund I · Eadred · Eadwig · Edgar the Peaceful · Edward the Martyr · Æthelred the Unready · Sweyn Forkbeard · Edmund Ironside · Cnut the Great · Harold Harefoot · Harthacnut · Edward the Confessor · Harold Godwinson · Edgar the Ætheling · William I · William II · Henry I · Stephen · Matilda · Henry II · Henry the Young King · Richard I · John · Henry III · Edward I · Edward II · Edward III · Richard II · Henry IV · Henry V · Henry VI · Edward IV · Edward V · Richard III · Henry VII · Henry VIII · Edward VI · Jane · Mary I and · Philip · Elizabeth I

Monarchs of Scotland before 1603

Kenneth I MacAlpin · Donald I · Constantine I · Áed · Giric · Eochaid · Donald II · Constantine II · Malcolm I · Indulf · Dub · Cuilén · Amlaíb · Kenneth II · Constantine III · Kenneth III · Malcolm II · Duncan I · Macbeth · Lulach · Malcolm III Canmore · Donald III · Duncan II · Donald III · Edgar · Alexander I · David I · Malcolm IV · William I · Alexander II · Alexander III · Margaret · First Interregnum · John · Second Interregnum · Robert I · David II · Edward · Robert II · Robert III · James I · James II · James III · James IV · James V · Mary I · James VI

Monarchs of England and Scotland after the Union of the Crowns in 1603

James I & VI · Charles I · Commonwealth · Charles II · James II & VII · William III & II · Mary II · Anne

British monarchs after the Acts of Union 1707

Anne · George I · George II · George III · George IV · William IV · Victoria · Edward VII · George V · Edward VIII · George VI · Elizabeth II

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