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Edward VII
Edward VII
Reign 22 January 1901 – 6 May 1910
Coronation 9 August 1902
Predecessor Queen Victoria
Successor George V
Born 9 November 1841(1841-11-09)
Buckingham Palace, London
Died 6 May 1910 (aged 68)
Buckingham Palace, London
Burial 20 May 1910
St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire
Spouse Alexandra of Denmark
(m. 1863)
Issue
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale
George V
Louise, Princess Royal
Princess Victoria
Maud, Queen of Norway
Prince Alexander John of Wales
Full name
Albert Edward
Royal House Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Albert, Prince Consort
Mother Queen Victoria

Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.

The eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Edward was related to royalty throughout Europe. Before his accession to the throne, he served as heir apparent and held the title of Prince of Wales for longer than any of his predecessors. During the long reign of his mother, he was largely excluded from political power, and came to personify the fashionable, leisured elite. He travelled throughout Britain performing ceremonial public duties, and represented Britain on visits abroad. His tours of North America in 1860 and the Indian subcontinent in 1875 were popular successes, but despite public approval his reputation as a playboy prince soured his relationship with his mother.

As king, Edward played a role in the modernisation of the British Home Fleet and the reorganisation of the British Army after the Second Boer War. He re-instituted traditional ceremonies as public displays and broadened the range of people with whom royalty socialised. He fostered good relations between Britain and other European countries, especially France, for which he was popularly called "Peacemaker", but his relationship with his nephew, Kaiser Wilhelm II, was poor. The Edwardian era, which covered Edward's reign and was named after him, coincided with the start of a new century and heralded significant changes in technology and society, including steam turbine propulsion and the rise of socialism. He died in 1910 in the midst of a constitutional crisis that was resolved the following year by the Parliament Act 1911, which restricted the power of the unelected House of Lords.

See also

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